Prof. Al-Maini will explain the philosophical justification found in modern philosophy (with reference to Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau) of civil society based on the presupposition of a "state of nature" or "natural state." In such a state, human beings are thought of as existing without government or civil society. The creation of civil society and governmental authority, thus, is an unnatural state. This modern idea, however, has very important ancient roots, which Prof. Al-Maini will explore. He will also provide some philosophical commentary on this important idea.
The lecture is intended for a general audience. All are welcome.